The Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) in the U.S., and the Federal Labor Law in Mexico, set strict guidelines for how employees can be treated in the workplace. These laws protect workers from being exposed to hazardous substances, like lead paint or asbestos, and hold themselves responsible for protection from dangers in work. They also have measures in place to promote safety and health standards.
Compliance is not only mandatory; occupational health and safety standards set a standard that all businesses must meet and exceed, ensuring the output of products and services is safely conducted, and not to the detriment of the employees’ health. Companies often put these responsibilities in the hands of medical service providers like CERTOLAB Periodicos.
Here are some details of the employee exams that are standard between these laws:
1. Pre-employment exams
Pre-employment exams are a vital part of occupational health and safety standards. They help to identify any potential risks prior to hiring an employee, which can reduce or eliminate them altogether.
A pre-employment exam should always include:
· A medical history questionnaire;
· Physical examination by a physician;
· Drug testing, etc.
Many businesses are not aware in advance of these exams, let alone even correctly carrying them out, and don’t realize the benefits they have to offer for their business’s occupational health and safety standards.
It is important that every employer knows what measures can be taken in order to keep employees safe from harm at work, and determine which employees are medically fit for work. Health vulnerabilities are especially required areas of attention, given their liability to specific hazard risks, so the importance of a proper, accurate pre-employment exam cannot be stressed enough.
2. Periodic exams for employees
In the course of one’s employment, internal or external circumstances may affect their health with respect to their fitness to work. This is cause to conduct a periodic exam, so the employer always has a current, complete picture of their health. This is necessary in order for them to determine if they can physically & emotionally remain on the job.
Periodic examinations help ensure that an employee’s health is not deteriorating and that they are safe enough to continue working at a given level of intensity. There are many occupational risks associated with work – some of which are physical, and some may be psychological.
3. Medical examinations for retirement
Developing a health profile of the employee shouldn’t stop for the entire course of their employment. Frequent periodic testing will help the employer & medical personnel prepare proactively for future health concerns.
A medical examination at the time of retirement can help an employee understand their current health condition and any limitations they may have with continuing to work. If it’s determined that the employee is unable to work due to their health, they may be eligible for retirement funds.
Certain health conditions may arise at or near retirement age. For the employee to continue, their position must take into consideration these conditions.
For example, if an employee has diabetes or hypertension and their job requires them to be on their feet most of the day, it may not be safe. They are strongly recommended to speak to the employer and a medical professional to adjust the position to their needs.
Create a healthy company culture, and ensure your output is unmitigated by undetected illness in your employees. Be proactive, be smart. Choose a qualified medical outsourcer like CERTOLAB de Empresas to install a system for entrance & periodic exams today.